News | Cultural Heritage
Discovery of the first signs of Achaemenid presence in Lorestan

Date: 7 February 2017

Archeological excavations in the Chia Sabz area in Iran’s western province of Lorestan led to the unearthing of the landmark Achaemenid artifacts.

The earthenware consisted of plate-like containers, clay cups, fishplate, scalloped patterned containers and stone tools, which are new indications of the presence of the Achaemenid artifacts in Lorestan.

According to the head of the excavation team, Ata Hassanpour: the excavations in the Chia Sabz area in Cham-Naqd Ali village, located in the basin of the Seymareh Dam, led to new discoveries dating back to the Achaemenid era.

Further studies of the discovered artifacts and the architectural plan of the Chia Sabz area, it was concluded that this ancient site was used in three consecutive periods. The evidences show that there are two architectural periods and a burial period in two different phases

In addition to the Achaemenid artifacts, several other pieces belonging to the Parthian era, known as Gelanggi, have also been discovered. By taking into account the time of settlement of the Parthians in this area, the process of evolution and human settlement in the form of connected rings from the Achaemenid era to the Parthians and the Sassanid becomes clear.

In addition another space with two columns, but without pillars was discovered. The columns were circular in shape, standing over plaster floor. Considering the long distance between the columns from the walls, the hypothesis is that the building is a part of a columned hall which is not known whether it was residential or had religious or bureaucratic function.

In the southern part and parts of the northern side of the area a burial site was discovered with the grave of a tall adult (more than 2m in height) laid down on its side in a north-west to south-east direction. The architectural plan of this grave is a square with stone walls covered by large monoliths. Children and young adults were buried in southern part of the graveyard, buried all in the same way. Considerable pieces of potteries were found next to this burial site. Carbon dating on the skeletons should be carried out to find the exact date of these burials.
With these discoveries another page of Achaemendi Era in Lorestan region is turned. So fat no evidence had been found pointing to their presence in this part of the country.
In the last days of the excavations, a store-room was found in the western part of the site with two huge jars for food storage. The top of one of the jars was covered with plaster. The soil and contents of these jars will be sent to laboratory for further studies.
Earthenware found in the excavation together with further anthropologic and architectural studies can be effective in revealing this less known settlement of Achaemenids in Lorestan.

Source: Tavoos from Mehr News & ISNA